Drug Preparation Premises Assessments
Drug Preparation Premises (DPPs) are facilities where pharmacists or pharmacy technicians engage in or supervise drug preparation activities.
DPPs are not open to the public; however, the College assesses and authorizes these facilities to operate. Learn more about the background and origins of DPPs on the Drug Preparation Premises Practice Tool.
Types of DPP Assessments
Pharmacy professionals working in a DPP must ensure the College is notified and knows about the DPP. An initial assessment will be scheduled within 60 days after a complete application is received.
The College assesses all DPPs annually after the initial assessment, or more often if we think it is necessary or advisable to do so.
Re-assessments may be ordered by a College practice advisor (previously called inspectors), or may be escalated and ordered by the Drug Preparation Premises Committee. Re-assessments are scheduled depending on the severity of the deficiencies identified during the previous assessment, the potential time required to fix any deficiencies, and the risk of harm to the public. See below for more information about assessment outcomes and details regarding the re-assessment process.
Additional assessments of DPPs may be required as a result of a change in ownership or purchase by a new owner, an amalgamation or merger, a change in location, or a significant renovation.
DPP Assessment Outcomes
When practice advisors visit a DPP, they assess its operations and processes to determine if it is operating safely. The practice advisor uses the DPP assessment criteria and their professional judgment to determine if the DPP is safe, or if further action is required. After the assessment, the Drug Preparation Premises Committee (DPPC) reviews the file for each DPP assessment before granting an outcome.
The status and/or outcome of all DPP assessments that occurred after July 1, 2013 are posted on Find a Pharmacy or Pharmacy Professional.
Upon their review of the DPP’s assessment file, the DPPC may do one or more of the following:
- Consider the DPP’s operations to be satisfactory and issue a pass, and the assessment is complete.
- Impose conditions on the DPP’s right to operate. For example, the Committee may restrict the DPP from a certain type of compounding. If the Committee imposes conditions, the DPP will have a status of pass with conditions on Find a Pharmacy or Pharmacy Professional, a list of conditions will be included.
- Order a practice advisor to re-assess the DPP again. If the Committee chooses this option, the practice advisor will return to the DPPC, and the Committee will decide whether the DPP’s operations are now satisfactory (as above in #1) or whether the DPP should have conditions on its right to operate (as above in #2), or if further action should be taken. The DPP will have a status of pending DPPC on Find a Pharmacy or Pharmacy Professional while awaiting the re-assessment and Committee decision.
- Decide that the DPP is not safe to operate, and issue a fail. The pharmacists and pharmacy technicians working in the DPP must cease engaging in or supervising drug preparation activities.
The Drug Preparation Premises Committee may also refer the pharmacy professionals working in the DPP to the Discipline Committee. A referral to the Discipline Committee is not an outcome of an assessment, and usually coincides with either a re-assessment or conditions on the DPP’s right to operate. A referral to the Discipline Committee will require the pharmacy professional to appear before the Committee, usually on allegations of proprietary misconduct. The DPP itself will stay under the review of the Drug Preparation Premises Committee.