Resources for Pharmacy Professionals

The Ontario College of Pharmacists is committed to providing the necessary support for pharmacists to adopt scope of practice changes safely and with confidence. The following resources have been developed or are recommended by the College to help registrants understand the regulatory requirements of their expanded role, and to provide education and support for the safe delivery of these services.


Guidelines & Resources
Guideline – Initiating, renewing and adapting a prescription This guideline outlines legislative requirements for prescribing a drug within a pharmacist’s authorized scope of practice as defined in the Pharmacy Act. It is meant to be used alongside the Standards of Practice, Standards of Operations, Code of Ethics and O. Reg. 202/94.
Guideline – Administering Substance by Injection or Inhalation This guideline outlines legislative requirements for administering vaccines and substances for the purpose of education and/or demonstration as defined in the Pharmacy Act. It is meant to be used alongside the Standards of Practice, Standards of Operations, Code of Ethics and O. Reg. 202/94.
e-Training Module – Mastering Injections in Pediatrics Learning objectives:

  • Describe the administration technique for children under five, including the selection of the appropriate supplies, land marking and injection techniques.
  • Identify the appropriate type and dose of vaccine based on the child’s age and previous immunization history.
  • Demonstrate awareness of the different pain management and comfort techniques that can be used specifically for children.
  • Recognize potential adverse reactions and understand the appropriate treatment, monitoring and follow-up considerations.
  • Identify the appropriate documentation and communication procedures necessary for the parent/caregiver and other relevant healthcare professionals.
e-Training Module – Administering Injections to Young Children After completion of this learning module, pharmacists will be better able to:
• Accurately identify the appropriate injection site for both intramuscular (IM) and subcutaneous (SC) injections for children between the ages of two and five through landmarking
• Demonstrate how to position a young child to prepare for an IM or SC injection
• Identify strategies to deal with challenging situations, including highly active children and those who fear needles, and offer approaches to increase comfort and reduce pain in children
• Select the appropriate needle and syringe size for administration of vaccines to young children
e-Training Module – Injections and Immunizations for Children Learning Objectives:
After completion of this course, pharmacists will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate proper procedures for administering vaccines to children under five years of age
  2. Become familiar with routine immunizations for children and possible precautions or contraindications associated with each vaccine
  3. Demonstrate a good understanding of vaccine side effects and reactions
  4. Prepare to monitor and follow up with patients after immunization
  5. Understand and apply techniques to reduce pain and anxiety during vaccination events
  • Choose appropriate distractions for children to redirect focus away from the site of injection
  • Employ additional measures such as use of a sucrose solution, a pain-relieving ointment, or a cooling spray
  • Be knowledgeable of which psychological intervention techniques are effective